Case study 7: Cancer survival

We know that Indigenous Australian adults have poorer survival following a cancer diagnosis than non-Indigenous Australians. We don’t know if this is the same for Indigenous children diagnosed with cancer. Accordingly, this study investigated Indigenous childhood cancer survival in Australia. The researchers found that Indigenous children who were diagnosed with cancer were 50% more likely than non-Indigenous children diagnosed with cancer to die within 5 years.

How did the PHRN infrastructure help?
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare linked the Australian Paediatric Cancer Registry to the National Death Index for the research team to analyse, further to appropriate ethics and legislative approvals.

Authors/Contributors
Valery PC, Youlden DR, Baade PD, Ward LJ, Green AC, Aitken JF.

Reference
Valery PC, Youlden DR, Baade PD, Ward LJ, Green AC, Aitken JF. Cancer survival in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian children: what is the difference? Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Dec;24(12):2099-106. Accessed 2 September 2016 <http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10552-013-0287-9>