Types of risk

Types of risk

What is risk?

The National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (2007, updated 2018) defines risk as a potential for harms, discomforts and/or inconvenience for participants and/or others. It involves:

  • The likelihood that a harm (or discomfort or inconvenience) will occur; and
  • The severity of the harm, including its consequences.

Types of risk

Physical harms: including injury, illness, pain;

Psychological harms: including feelings of worthlessness, distress, guilt, anger or fear related, for example, the disclosure of sensitive or embarrassing information, or learning about a genetic possibility of developing an untreatable disease;

Devaluation of personal worth: including being humiliated, manipulated or in other ways treated disrespectfully or unjustly;

Social harms: including damage to social networks or relationships with others; discrimination in access to benefits, services, employment or insurance; social stigmatisation; and findings of previously unknown paternity status;

Economic harms: including the imposition of direct or indirect costs on participants;

Legal harms: including discovery and prosecution of criminal conduct.

(Commonwealth of Australia, 2007, updated 2018)

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HPV VACCINE

CASE STUDY

Data linkage has a significant role in reduction of cervical cancer in Australia. The HPV vaccine was introduced in 2007, success of the vaccine was monitored by linking vaccine registers to cervical smear registers in Queensland & Victoria.

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NEWS & EVENTS

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